Let’s Learn Future Simple & Future Continuous

Simple Future Tense

Fungsi dari simple future tense

Simple future merujuk ke waktu setelah sekarang dan menyatakan fakta atau kepastian. Dalam kasus ini, tidak ada sikap atau attitude penutur.

Simple future digunakan

  • untuk memprediksi kejadian di masa depan:
    It will rain tomorrow.
  • jika digunakan dengan atau we, untuk menyatakan keputusan spontan:
    I’ll pay for the tickets by credit card.
  • untuk menyatakan kerelaan:
    I’ll do the washing-up.
    He’ll carry your bag for you.
  • dalam bentuk negatif, untuk menyatakan ketidakrelaan:
    The baby won’t eat his soup.
    won’t leave until I’ve seen the manager!
  • jika digunakan dengan I dalam bentuk pertanyaan menggunakan shall, untuk menawarkan sesuatu:
    Shall I open the window?
  • jika digunakan dengan we dalam bentuk pertanyaan menggunakan shall, untuk memberikan saran:
    Shall we go to the cinema tonight?
  • jika digunakan dengan I dalam bentuk pertanyaan menggunakan shall, untuk meminta saran atau instruksi:
    What shall I tell the boss about this money?
  • jika digunakan dengan you, untuk memberikan perintah:
    You will do exactly as I say.
  • jika digunakan dengan you dalam bentuk pertanyaan, untuk mengundang:
    Will you come to the dance with me?
    Will you marry me?

Catatan: Dalam bahasa Inggris modern, will lebih sering digunakan daripada shallShall biasanya digunakan dengan dan we untuk menawarkan sesuatu, memberikan saran, atau meminta saran (lihat contoh-contoh di atas). Jika digunakan dengan orang lain (you, he, she, they), shall hanya dapat digunakan dalam literatur atau puisi, seperti “With rings on her fingers and bells on her toes, she shall have music wherever she goes.”

Membentuk simple future

Simple future tense terdiri dari dua bagian: will/shall + infinitive tanpa to.

Subjekwillinfinitive tanpa to
Positif
Iwillgo
Ishallgo
Negatif
Theywill notsee
Theywon’tsee
Pertanyaan
Willsheask?
Pertanyaan negatif
Won’ttheytry?
Singkatan atau contraction

I will = I’ll
We will = we’ll
You will = you’ll
He will = he’ll
She will = she’ll
They will = they’ll
Will not = won’t

Bentuk it will biasanya tidak disingkat.

To see: Simple future tense

PositifNegatifPertanyaanPertanyaan Negatif
I will seeI won’t seeWill I see?Won’t I see?
*I shall see *Shall I see? 
You will seeYou won’t seeWill you see?Won’t you see?
He will seeHe won’t seeWill he see?Won’t he see?
We will seeWe won’t seeWill we see?Won’t we see?
*We shall see *Shall we see? 
They will seeThey won’t seeWill they see?Won’t they see?

*Shall sudah jarang digunakan, tetapi masih sering dipakai dibandingkan dengan will dalam bentuk positif atau pertanyaan bersama dengan dan we dalam beberapa kasus (lihat di atas).

Future continuous

Form

The future continuous is made up of two elements:
the simple future of the verb “to be” + the present participle (base+ing)

Subject+simple future of the verb “to be”+present participle
Youwill bewatching
Iwill bestaying
To stay, future continuous
AffirmativeNegativeInterrogativeNegative interrogative
I will be staying.I won’t be staying.Will I be staying?Won’t I be staying?
You will be staying.You won’t be staying.Will you be staying?Won’t you be staying?
He will be staying.He won’t be staying.Will he be staying?Won’t he be staying?
She will be staying.She won’t be staying.Will she be staying?Won’t she be staying?
It will be staying.It won’t be staying.Will it be staying?Won’t it be staying?
We will be staying.We won’t be staying.Will we be staying?Won’t we be staying?
They will be staying.They won’t be staying.Will they be staying?Won’t they be staying?

Functions

The future continuous refers to an unfinished action or event that will be in progress at a time later than now. The future continuous is used for quite a few different purposes.

The future continuous can be used to project ourselves into the future.

Examples
  • This time next week I will be sun-bathing in Bali.
  • By Christmas I will be skiing like a pro.
  • Just think, next Monday you will be working in your new job.

The future continuous can be used for predicting or guessing about future events.

Examples
  • He’ll be coming to the meeting, I expect.
  • I guess you’ll be feeling thirsty after working in the sun.
  • You’ll be missing the sunshine once you’re back in England.

In the interrogative form, the future continuous can be used to ask politely for information about the future.

Examples
  • Will you be bringing your friend to the pub tonight?
  • Will Jim be coming with us?
  • Will she be going to the party tonight?
  • Will I be sleeping in this room?

The future continuous can be used to refer to continuous events that we expect to happen in the future.

Examples
  • I’ll be seeing Jim at the conference next week.
  • When he is in Australia he will be staying with friends.
  • I’ll be eating with Jane this evening so I can tell her.

When combined with still, the future continuous refers to events that are already happening now and that we expect to continue some time into the future.

Examples
  • In an hour I’ll still be ironing my clothes.
  • Tomorrow he’ll still be suffering from his cold.
  • Next year will she still be wearing a size six?
  • Won’t stock prices still be falling in the morning?
  • Unfortunately, sea levels will still be rising in 20 years.

The Formula
Future Simple:
(+) S + will + V1 + O/C
(-) S + will + not + V1 + O/C
(?) Will + S + V1 + O/C ?

Future Continouos:
(+) S + will + be + Ving + O/C
(-) S + will + not + be + Ving + O/C
(?) Will + S + be + Ving + O/C ?

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Source: EF Education First

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